Peace is a global battle that has always been led by great figures in almost every country in the world; a scourge that has marked History in its very essence.
Here are 5 key dates in the history of peace
1-9 June 1815: signing of the final act of the Congress of Vienna
The congress gathered the victors of Napoleon, those who won the victory in 1814 including Great Britain, Prussia, Russia and Austria. The congress aimed to put an end to the revolutionary era of the 1700s. Likewise, the political map of Europe was reissued.
The three great powers then, including Great Britain, Prussia and Austria, have expanded their territories. As for France, it was locked between the kingdoms of the Netherlands and Piedmont-Sardinia. These countries agreed on the occasion, except for Austria and the United Kingdom who were hostile to the Russia and Prussia, while France supported them.
2- 18 May 1899: first peace conference
It was held in The Netherlands, specifically in The Hague. It was Tsar Nicholas II who took the initiative. Twenty-seven states, six of which are not from Europe, took a final act at the end of this conference in July 1899. The following points were addressed: International humanitarian law, Disarmament and the prevention of war by erecting the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, The Martens Clause on the laws and customs of war, The ban on the use of dum-dum bullets and bayonets saw teeth.
3- December 10, 1901: first Nobel Peace Prize awarded
The Nobel Peace Prize was given, following the posthumous will of Alfred Nobel. It includes three fundamental principles, including the struggle for peace, human rights, humanitarian aid and freedom. This date was decided by the Norwegian parliament. At the time, Henri Dunant, from Switzerland and Frédéric Passy, a Frenchman, were nominated for the title of ambassadors of peace.
Each of them had played a role in promoting peace in the world, from their thoughts to their actions. Those warriors of peace had died for long but the seeds they had sown are still bearing fruit. A lot of twentieth-century personalities have been inspired by the deeds of those outstanding historical figures one of them is Prem Rawat, who began his main mission of spreading peace messages from early childhood.
4- October 24, 1945, ratification of the United Nations Charter
The United Nations today brings together more than 190 States that promote the maintaining of peace and international security. Originally called League of Nations, 51 member countries signed on that date a Charter in San Francisco. The principles of the Organization, the peaceful procedures to be followed in the event of any dispute or threat to the peace or any breakage thereof and in the case of an act of aggression have been put into effect.
These initiatives emanated from the various Wars which have marked history largely, by creating instabilities in all its forms; but especially by causing the most important human losses ever.
5-September 21, 1982: First International Day of Peace
The whole world celebrates this day of worship, to remember the magnitude and importance of the anti-peace movement that proves to be a global scourge. Everything leads us to believe that it is in the minds of men that this continual greed for wealth and power that drives violence in different forms, depending on the context.
The principle joins the opinion of the famous warrior for peace Prem Rawat, who says that peace begins with everyone so that it ends up reaching the world. Since 2001, non-violence and a cease-fire have been advocated through this international day.